People of Africa
- The African continent has the second largest population in the world, at about one billion people.
- Well over one thousand languages are spoken by the people of Africa. Some estimates put this number closer to two thousand.
- The largest religion in Africa is Islam, followed by Christianity.
- The African population is approximately 14.72% of the world’s population (as of 2009).
- The oldest human remains ever discovered were found in Ethiopia. They are approximately 200,000 years old.
- There are an estimated 3,000 tribes/groups in Africa.
- There are over 2100 languages spoken in Africa (some estimate over 3000 languages).
- Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism are the main religions practiced. However many of the people practice traditional African religions. Some practice these alongside Christianity, Islam, or Hinduism. Judaism is also present in many parts of Africa.
Famous people of Africa
- Nelson Mandela
- Desmond Tutu
- Shaka (Zulu King)
- Cetewayo (Zulu King)
- Kofi Annan
Of all the famous people of Africa perhaps Nelson Mandela is the most known. This great leader helped free his nation from apartheid. He was born in the South African town of Transkei in 1918. Outraged when the National Party which supported racism came to power in South Africa he became active in fighting for equal rights for all people in South Africa. He founded the military wing of the African National Congress which was involved in sabotaging government installations. He was put in prison in 1990 and stayed there for twenty seven years. During his time in prison his popularity grew. He organized political education classes in jail and continued his fight against apartheid. After being released from jail he became the first democratically elected president of South Africa. He died in December of 2013.
- The longest river in the world, the Nile (4,132 miles), is located in Africa.
- Africa has the world’s largest desert, the Sahara, which is almost the size of the United States.
- Victoria Falls is the largest waterfall in Africa; it is 355 feet high and one mile wide.
- Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain on the continent. It towers over 19,300 feet, which is so tall that glaciers can be found at its summit even though the mountain is near the equator.
- Madagascar is the largest island in Africa and the fourth largest island in the world. It is in the Indian Ocean off the East coast of Africa.
Africa is an amazingly diverse continent. It is the home an incredible array of animals and people. Africa’s geography is also diverse and consists of a wide variety of landforms. We will cover many facts about these areas of Africa in this section. Some of the main African landforms are:
- plateaus (which dominate the landscape)
- huge mountains
- long rivers
- large lakes
- massive deserts
- deep valleys
- dense rainforests
- expansive grasslands
- The worlds largest land animal is the African elephant.
- The worlds tallest animal, the giraffe, lives in Africa.
- The fastest land animal in the world, the cheetah, lives in Africa.
- Africa is home to the worlds largest reptile, the Nile crocodile.
- The gorilla, which can be found in the continents jungles, is the worlds largest primate.
North Africa Countries List
- South Sudan
- Western Sahara
East Africa Countries
West Africa Countries
- Burkina Faso
- Cape Verde
- Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
- Saint Helena
- Sierra Leone
Central Africa Countries List
- Central African Republic
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Equatorial Guinea
- Sao Tome and Principe
South Africa Countries List
- South Africa